Olympic Weightlifting

Olympic Weightlifting in a nutshell

Olympic weightlifting or weightlifting, is an athletic discipline in the modern Olympic games in which participants attempt a maximum-weight single lift of a barbell loaded with weight plates. The lifter competes in two lifts – three attempts at  each – for a total score. This total is extracted from the addition of the kilograms of the best scores obtained in each lift.

The International Weightlifting Federation competition lifts:

The Snatch

IWF Definition:

The barbell is placed horizontally in front of the lifter’s legs. It is gripped, palms downwards and pulled in a single movement from the platform to the full extent of both arms above the head, while either splitting or bending the legs. During this continuous movement, the barbell may slide along the thighs and the lap. No part of the body other than the feet may touch the platform during the execution of the lift. The weight, which has been lifted, must be maintained in the final motionless position, arms and legs extended, the feet on the same line, until the Referees give the signal to replace the barbell on the platform. The lifter may recover in his or her own time, either from a split or a squat position, and finish with the feet on the same line, parallel to the plane of the trunk and the barbell. The Referees give the signal to lower the barbell as soon as the lifter becomes motionless in all parts of the body.

The Clean and Jerk

Lydia Valentin . Picture by Hookgrip

IWF definition:
The first part, the Clean

The barbell is placed horizontally in front of the lifter’s legs. It is gripped, palms downwards and pulled in a single movement from the platform to the shoulders, while either splitting or bending the legs. During this continuous movement, the barbell may slide along the thighs and the lap. The barbell must not touch the chest before the final position. It then rests on the clavicles or on the chest above the nipples or on the arms fully bent. The feet return to the same line, legs straight before performing the Jerk. The lifter may make this recovery in his or her own time and finish with the feet on the same line, parallel to the plane of the trunk and the barbell.

The second part, the Jerk

Ilya Ilyin . Picture taken by Hookgrip

The athlete bends the legs and extends them as well as the arms to bring the barbell to the full stretch of the arms vertically extended. He or she returns the feet to the same line; arms and legs fully extended, and waits for the Referees’ signal to replace the barbell on the platform. The Referees give the signal to lower the barbell as soon as the lifter becomes motionless in all parts of the body.

Reference: http://www.iwf.net/weightlifting_/the-two-lifts/

 

 

Body weight categories

Junior / Senior Women

  • 48 kg
  • 53 kg
  • 58 kg
  • 63 kg
  • 69 kg
  • 75 kg
  • 90 kg
  • + 90 kg

Youth Women

  • 44 kg
  • 48 kg
  • 53 kg
  • 58 kg
  • 63 kg
  • 69 kg
  • 75 kg
  • +75kg

Junior / Senior Men

  • 56 kg
  • 62 kg
  • 69 kg
  • 77 kg
  • 85 kg
  • 94 kg
  • 105 kg
  • +105 kg

Youth Men

  • 50 kg
  • 62 kg
  • 69 kg
  • 77 kg
  • 85 kg
  • 94 kg
  • +94 kg

Benefits of practicing the sport of Olympic Weightlifting

In comparison with other strength sports, which develops maximal strength (powerlifting) or physique (body building), Olympic weightlifting increases explosive strength. Olympic style weightlifters are well known for their ability to jump high and move explosively.

Due to this qualities Olympic style weightlifting has become a staple training method for professional and other high level athletes of many sports.

 

Colorado Weightlifting Club

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